High illiteracy rate is an unquestionable dilemma that surrounds the poor communities, especially in the Third World countries. Many of these countries are engulfed with political strife and economic struggle causing sufferings among their citizens. As a result, many children are deprived not only from their basic human needs, but intermediate human needs as well. The ability to read is the most intermediate human need, and inability to read results in illiteracy. Research studies have shown that illiteracy is directly due to the absence of the systematic approach to learning.
Learning starts at an early stage in life and is facilitated by the ability to communicate. Communication is generated by the ability to read and comprehend the message being conveyed. The deaf mute and blind have the same intermediate human needs as normal individuals who are able to speak and see. As most writers and authors describe, "English is an alphabetic language that, when written, uses letters to represent speech sounds." It is true because once a child is taught to read a word, his/her conscious mind can identify the sound of that word which would in turn, relate that sound to represent the conveyed message. This interpreted exchange of understanding and verbalization create a body of information that a learner uses to complete a thought.
Contrary to the belief that teaching is the prime responsibility of the school educators, the new generation of parents have now taken the task of teaching their children to read starting in their home environments. Once their children officially starts school, their intellectual capability is already enhanced from their ability to read. In the Philippines, education is now a priority amongst younger generation. One of the country’s most important educational objectives is to teach the children to read and write. This is because every Filipino educator believe that reading is not just a necessity in life, but a prerequisite for human dignity.
The Philippine School System is aimed in facilitating the children’s learning through the use of reading materials, computer technology, class instructions and many more. However, because of the country’s continued economic struggle, reading resources are only limited for use in school. Only those students who can afford to buy their own reading materials have the advantage to continue to do more reading at home. As a consequence, those students who do not have that same advantage have tendencies to drop out of school and become illiterate. For this reason, many educators and even parents nowadays are scrambling for means to combat illiteracy.
Library services are the most important tools in preventing illiteracy problem. Libraries are important to the educational needs of the children. In addition, it serves as a vital source of learning and information needs of the community. Libraries also serves as important resources for economic advancement. Through its public service, libraries can help bridge the gap between the academically high and poor achievers.
The Oroquieta City Library is an important resource of the expanded educational needs of the students and the community. As a source of lifelong learning and enrichment, the Oroquieta City Library is a place for books and information which conveys lessons learned from our past while delivering new ideas for the future. It also delivers many benefits to the community, such as enabling the adults to combat their own illiteracy, and teach their children as well.
Located in the City Hall building, the library contained a collection of several volumes of books, periodicals and other reference materials. The facility is managed and operated by a City Librarian (Mrs. Yolanda Neri), and several staff who are committed in service to the community. The City Librarian can facilitate students' developmental growth and new skills required for academic excellence. It is important, however, that every person who uses the Library or the materials will seriously consider the collections as valuable resources. For this reason, it is important to take care of these materials because careless use can mutilate or destroy those irreplaceble items. To protect the safety and integrity of the Library materials and comfort of this learning environment, foods, drinks or smoking are not allowed inside; loud and/or distractive behavior are also not permitted. The Oroquieta City Library accepts donated learning materials, such as books, and reference materials to help expand their service to the public.